Počet kreditů 4
Vyučováno v Summer
Rozsah výuky 3+1s
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The lecture is devoted to the fundamentals of statistical physics. It is the third part of four-part lecture cycle.

Theoretical Physics 1

1. Basic principles: distribution function, mean value, mean quadratic fluctuation.

2. Liouvill theorem. Gibbs distributions.

3. Thermodynamic potentials: enthalpy, free energy, grandcanonical potential.

4. Chemical potential, entropy and probability.

5. Statistical distributions: Boltzmann and Maxwell distribution.

6. Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distribution.

7. Distributions behaviour and simple examples (black body radiation, ideal gas).

8. Metals, neutron stars.

9. Ferromagnetics a antiferromagnetics: Ising and Heisenberg model.

10. Superconductivity.

11. Degenerative fermion systems, boson condensation.

12. Monte Carlo methods. Metropolis method.

13. Nonequilibrium statistics, Boltzmann equation.

14. Momentum equation, transition to continuum.

thermodynamic potentials

EOS - ideal gas

other EOSs

rotational and vibrational spectra

Planck law, Stefan-Boltzmann law, Wien law

EOS - fermion gas

Monte Carlo calculation, various exapmles

[1] P. Kulhánek: Statistická fyzika, ČVUT, 2004, http://www.aldebaran.cz/studium/statistika.pdf

[2] E. M. Lifshitz, L. D. Landau. Course in theoretical Physics 5: Statistical Physics, Elsewier Science, 2003

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