Počet kreditů 4
Vyučováno v Summer
Rozsah výuky 3+1s
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The lecture is devoted to the fundamentals of quantum physics in Dirac formalism. It is the second part of four-part lecture cycle.

Theoretical Physics 1

1. Basic principles: analytical and quantum mechanics relation .

2. Operators: Hermit and unitary operators. Dirac symbolics.

3. Measuring in QT. Compatibility, Heisenberg uncertainty relations.

4. Theory of the representations: x, p, E representation. Wave function.

5. Schrodinger equation. Simple examples.

6. Harmonic oscillator - creation and annihilation operators.

7. Central field, quantum numbers.

8. The time evolution in QT: Ehrenfest theorems.

9. Fermions a bosons: Spin. Pauli principle.

10. Quantum field theory basics: Feynmann diagrams. CPT invariance.

11. Elementary particles - quarks and leptons, theory of interaction.

12. Weinberg-Salam electroweak theory basics.

13. Symmetry in QT. Symmetry break.

14. Quasiparticles - phonons, magnons, polarons, plazmons ...

operators - examples

commutation relations

Dirac formalism

Harmonic oscillator - various solutions

Hydrogen atom

wells and barriers

tunnel effect

quantum numbers

Feynman diagrams

[1] P. Kulhánek: Kvantová teorie, ČVUT, 2002, http://www.aldebaran.cz/studium/kvantovka.pdf

[2] E. M. Lifshitz, L. D. Landau. Course in Theoretical Physics 3: Quantum Mechanics, Elsewier Science, 2003

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