The course Physics 2 is closely linked with the course Physics 1. Within the framework of this course the students will first of all learn foundations of phenomenological and statistical thermodynamics. Following topic - the theory of waves - will give to the students basic insight into the properties of waves and will help to the students to understand that the presented description of the waves has a universal character in spite of the waves character. Particular types of waves, such as acoustic or electromagnetic waves are the subjects of the following section. Quantum mechanics physics will complete the student´s general education in physics. The knowledge gained in this course will help to the students in study of modern technical areas encountered during their studies and will allow them to understand the principles of novel technologies and functioning of new electronic devices.
1. Thermodynamic systems, state and process thermodynamic quantities, temperature, heat, work, internal energy, ideal gas, state equations, heat capacity, 1st and 2nd law of thermodynamics, entropy, 3nd law of thermodynamics.
2. Microstate and macrostate of a system, statistical ensembles, statistical definition of entropy, the maximum entropy principle, fundamental probability distributions, kinetic theory of gases.
3. Fundamentals of waves (phase velocity, group velocity, dissipation and dispersion of waves, dispersion relationship) general wave equation, Doppler effect.
4. Superpositions of waves, constructive and destructive interference, coherence, wave diffraction, Huygens´ principle, diffraction of waves, the near and far field.
5. Acoustic waves, fundamental quantities, linear wave equation of acoustics, intensity level and acoustic pressure level.
6. Wave equation of the electromagnetic field, the Poyting vector, propagation of electromagnetic waves, polarization and dispersion of light. Anisotropic media, application of polarization.
7. Geometrical optics - rays approximation, light ray, Fermat´s principle, reflection and refraction, critical refraction, thin lenses.
8. Wave optics - diffraction, Fresnel´s and Fraunhofer´s diffraction, interference of light, Bragg´s law, foundations of the Fourier´s optics.
9. Fundamentals of photometry (luminous flux, luminous intensity, illuminance, luminous emittance, adsorption of light)..
10. Introduction to quantum mechanics - black-body radiation, photoelectric and Compton´s effect, Bohr´s model of atom.
11. Fundamental principles of quantum mechanics: the relationship between analytical and quantum mechanics. Operators: Hermite and unitary operators, Dirac notation. Measurement in quantum theory. Compatibility, Heisenberg's uncertainty principles.
12. Representation theory: x, p, E representation. Wave function. Schrodinger equation, examples.
13. Harmonic oscillator, the central field, the quantum numbers.
14. Fermions and bosons. Spin. Pauli exclusion principle.
1. Moran, M. J., Shapiro, H N., Boettner, D. D., Bailey, M. B.: Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley & sons Inc., 2011.
2. Griffiths, D. J.: Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, Prentice Hall, 2005.
3. Hecht, E.: Optics, Adison Wesley, 2002.
4. Yoshioka, D.: Statistical Physics - An Introduction, Springer, 2007.
5. Serway, R. A. Moses, C. J. , Moyer, C. A.: Modern Physics, Thomson Learning Inc., 2005.
6. Benenson, W., Harris, J. W., Stocker, H., Lutz, H.: Handbook of Physics, Springer, 2002.