Počet kreditů 4
Vyučováno v Summer
Rozsah výuky 3+1s
Garant předmětu
Přednášející Petr Kulhánek
Cvičící Petr Kulhánek

The lecture is devoted to the fundamentals of statistical physics. It is the third part of four-part lecture cycle.

Theoretical Physics 1

To became familiar with basics of the statistical physics according to the outline.

1. Basic principles: distribution function, mean value, mean quadratic fluctuation.
2. Liouvill theorem. Gibbs distributions.
3. Thermodynamic potentials: enthalpy, free energy, grandcanonical potential.
4. Chemical potential, entropy and probability.
5. Statistical distributions: Boltzmann and Maxwell distribution.
6. Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distribution.
7. Distributions behaviour and simple examples (black body radiation, ideal gas).
8. Metals, neutron stars.
9. Ferromagnetics a antiferromagnetics: Ising and Heisenberg model.
10. Superconductivity.
11. Degenerative fermion systems, boson condensation.
12. Monte Carlo methods. Metropolis method.
13. Nonequilibrium statistics, Boltzmann equation.
14. Momentum equation, transition to continuum.

thermodynamic potentials
EOS - ideal gas
other EOSs
rotational and vibrational spectra
Planck law, Stefan-Boltzmann law, Wien law
EOS - fermion gas
Monte Carlo calculation, various exapmles

[1] P. Kulhánek: Statistická fyzika, ČVUT, 2004, http://www.aldebaran.cz/studium/statistika.pdf
[2] E. M. Lifshitz, L. D. Landau. Course in theoretical Physics 5: Statistical Physics, Elsewier Science, 2003

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