Počet kreditů 4
Vyučováno v Summer
Rozsah výuky 14+6c
Garant předmětu

Astrophysics follows up freely the standard lectures from physics. In relatively attractive area then student recapitulates the knowledge of some parts of the physics (mechanics, optics, relativity, quantum mechanics, radiation, differential and integral calculations).

Physics 1 and Physics 2 courses. Presence at the seminars. Students must obtain minimally 50 % of available points in the final test.

1. The star evolution. Hyashi line. HR diagram.

2. Final evolutionary stages. White dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes.

3. Spectral analysis. Doppler shift and others.

4. Variable stars. Cepheids. Novae and supernovae stars.

5. Solar system. Cosmic investigations. Kepler and Newtonian laws.

6. Inner and outer planets.

7. Nebulae, star clusters, Galaxy, galaxies.

8. Astronomical coordinates, measuring time and space.

9. Basics of optics. Fermat law, aberration.

10. Optic devices, telescopes, mirror construction technologies.

11. Cosmology. The Universe evolution. Friedman models. Relict radiation.

12. The origin of the Universe. Nucleosynthesis. Microwave background radiation.

13. The inflationary Universe. Theory of the interactions.

14. Structure of the Universe.

1. Newton gravitation law.

2. Numerical solution of the ordinary differential equations.

3. Energy and momentum conservation.

4. Types of rotation, rotation motions. Rotation of liquids, vortices.

5. Keplerian law.

6. Pogson equation.

7. Doppler phenomenon.

8. Astronomical coordinates. Measuring time.

9. Basics of optics, Fermat principle.

10. Metrics, measuring time and space, metric tensor.

11. Friedman models.

12. Elementary particles, Feynman diagrams construction.

13. Lorentz transformation.

14. Gravitational red shift, cosmological red shift, time dilatation. Comparison.

1. Astrophysics for Physicists, by Arnab Rai Choudhuri, Cambridge University Press, 2012

2. An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics (2nd Edition) 2nd Edition by Bradley W. Carroll , Dale A. Ostlie, Cambridge University Press 2017

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