Solid State Physics

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Solid State Physics (Main course) B2M34SST
Credits 6
Semesters Winter
Completion Assessment + Examination
Language of teaching Czech
Extent of teaching 3P+1L
The subject is aimed on solid state physics including some parts of statistical physics.
Study targets
The subject informs about basic properties of materials used in electronics, esp. about semiconductors.
Course outlines
1. Solid and condensed mater, their description; crystals. Crystal classification.
2. Crystal bindings, their character and classification; van der Waals crystals. Ionic and covalent crystals.
3. Reciprocal lattice. Brillouin zone, RTG and electron structure analysis.
4. Solid state thermodynamics, phase equilibrium, phase diagrams, phase transformations.
5. Dynamical properties of crystal lattice; heat capacity, deformation.
6. Lattice defects; point defects, dislocations; surface properties, nanocrystals.
7. Band structure of solids. Semiconductors, effective mass, density of states.
8. Semiconductor in thermodynamic equilibrium. Electrons and holes. Maxwell-Boltzmann and Fermi-Dirac distribution. Fermi level calculation.
9. Transport effects in semiconductors, scattering mechanisms.
10. Electrons and holes in non-equilibrium, generation and recombination of charge carriers.
11. Electric conductivity of dielectrics, dielectric strength, inner and thermal breakdown. Dielectrics polarization in alternating field, complex permittivity and dissipation factor, ferroelectrics, pyroelectrics, piezoelectrics.
12. Metals, Fermi gas of free electrons, Fermi surfaces. Magnetic effects in solids and their origin, dia-, para-, fero-, feri-, antifero- magnetic solids.
13. Basics of superconductivity. Meissner effect, Cooper pairs, high temperature superconductors.
14. Optical properties of solids, luminescence.
Exercises outlines
1. Seminary: Quantum mechanics basics repetition
2. Seminary: Periodic table of elements, quantum model of atomu
3. Seminary: Application of quantum mechanics in the structures with periodic potential
4. Computer tools in S.St. Physics
5. Atomistic simulator Quantumwise.
6. Quantumwise - Virtual Nanolab basics
7. Quantumwise - simulation of S.St. bandstructure.
8. Quantumwise - simulation of lattice vibrations.
9. Simulation of crystal defects
10. Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy
11. Transport simulation of electrons by Monte Carlo method
12. Simulation of ferromagnetics
13. Excursion: FzÚ AV ČR - S. St. Characterisation
14. Credit hour
1. Ch. Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th ed., Wiley 2005
2. K. F. Brennan: The Physics of Semiconductors, Cambridge University Press 1999