Real -Time Systems Programming

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This is a grouped course. It consists of several seperate subjects that share learning materials, assignments, tests etc. Below you can see information about the individual subjects that make up this subject.
Real -Time Systems Programming (Main course) B3M35PSR
Credits 6
Semesters Winter
Completion Assessment + Examination
Language of teaching Czech
Extent of teaching 2P+2C
Annotation
The goal of this course is to provide students with basic knowledge about software development for real-time systems, for example in control and embedded applications. The focus is on embedded systems equipped with a real-time operating system (RTOS). Lectures will cover real-time systems theory, which can be used to formally verify timing correctness of such systems. Another set of lectures will introduce methods and techniques used for development of safety-critical systems, whose failure may have catastrophic consequences. During labs, students will first solve a few simple tasks to familiarize themselves with basic components of VxWorks RTOS and to benchmark the used OS and hardware (Xilinx Zynq). The obtained metrics represent the typical criteria for assessing the suitability of a given platform for the given application. After the simple tasks, students will solve a complex task of time-critical motion control application which will require full utilization of RTOS features. All the tasks at the labs will be implemented in C (or C++) language.
Course outlines
1. Introduction to real-time systems, requirements, properties, applications
2. VxWorks operating system (OS)
3. POSIX 1003.1b - portable real-time OS interface
4. Reference model of real-time system
5. Off-line (clock-driven) scheduling
6. Fixed priority scheduling and analysis
7. Dynamic priority scheduling and analysis
8. Shared resource management
9. Combining real-time and non-real-time task, temporal isolation
10. Development of safety critical applications, functional safety standards, safety integriti level (SIL)
11. Techniques for increasing reliability of safety-critical software (redundancy, information coding, decomposition)
12. HAZOP study, software HAZOP, example
13. Multi-core systems and real-time, overview of RTOSes
Exercises outlines
1. VxWorks IDE basics: creating applications, VxWorks simlator, documentacion, debugging
2. VxWorks API: Mutexes, semaphores
3. VxWorks API: Real-Time processes and shared memory
4. Blocking on mutex, priority inheritance
5. Cyclic executive, worst-case execution time (WCET) measurement
6. Scheduler latency measurement
7. Ethernet communication latency measurement
8. Semestral work - distributed real-time motor controller (steer-by-wire) + visualisation with an in-application web server
Literature
Buttazzo, Giorgio C, Hard Real-Time Computing Systems, Predictable Scheduling Algorithms and Applications, Springer, 2011

Burns A. and Wellings A.: Real-Time Systems and Programming Languages (Fourth Edition), Ada 2005, Real-Time Java and C/Real-Time POSIX, Addison Wesley Longmain, 2009

Redmill F., Morris Ch. et al, System Safety: HAZOP and Software HAZOP, Wiley, April 1999
Requirements
Attendee must be capable of writing basic C programs and understand principles of multithreaded programming. It is an advantage (but not requirements) to finish B0B36APO and B4B35OSY before taking this course.
Real-Time Systems Programming A4B35PSR
Credits 6
Semesters Winter
Completion Assessment + Examination
Language of teaching Czech
Extent of teaching 2P+2C
Annotation
The goal of this subject is to give students basic knowledge in the area of software design for embedded systems with real-time operating systems (RTOS) with emphasis to practical experience. Students will solve several simple tasks to get basic knowledge about RTOS VxWorks and to measure timing parameters of the RTOS and hardware, which are necessary when choosing a platform for a given application. Then a more complicated task (motor control) will be solved, which will fully utilize means of RTOS VxWorks. During lectures, students will become familiar with real-time systems theory, which can be used to formally prove the timing correctness of the applications. Moreover, some software engineering techniques, which help with increasing of quality of safety-critical systems will be discussed.
Course outlines
1. Real-Time operating systems, requirements, properties
2. VxWorks OS
3. POSIX API
4. Advanced use of C language, GNU C compiler
5. Coding standards, version control systems, certifications
6. Memory access timing; dynamic memory management
7. Clock driven scheduling
8. Dynamic priority scheduling
9. Static priority scheduling
10. Problems in analysis of real-time systems
11. Shared resource management
12. Shared resource management II.
13. Other real-time operating systems; interrupt subsystem; support for different HW platforms (BSP)
14. Combining real-time tasks with non-real-time tasks
Exercises outlines
1. Introduction to VxWorks OS and its IDE. Compilation, debugging, event viewer.
2. Task 1: VxWorks API: mutexes, semaphores.
3. Task 2: VxWorks API: message queues timers
4. Task 3: VxWorks API: processes, shared memoy
5. Task 4: Benchmak of OS scheduler latency
6. Task 5: Memory access timing (cache, prefetching, ...)
7. Task 6: Ethernet communication timing
8. Task 7: Mutex blocking timing (priority inheritance,...)
9. Test; assignment of task 8 - motor control
10. Solving of task 8
11. Solving of task 8
12. Solving of task 8
13. Delivery of task 8
14. Assesment
Literature
1. Robbins, K., Robbins, S.: Practical UNIX Programming: A Guide to Concurrency, Communication and Multithreading. Prentice Hall, 1996
2. Liu J. W. S.: Real-Time Systems, Prentice Hall, 2000
3. Burns A., Wellings A.: Real-Time Systems and Programming Languages (Third Edition). Addison Wesley Longmain, 2001.
4. VxWorks manuals (http://www.wrs.com)

Requirements
Zájemce musí zvládat základy programování v jazyce C a programování vícevláknových aplikací. Výhodou je absolvování předmětu A0B35APO.
Stránky předmětu: https://moodle.dce.fel.cvut.cz/
Real-time Systems Programming B4B35PSR
Credits 6
Semesters Winter
Completion Assessment + Examination
Language of teaching Czech
Extent of teaching 2P+2C
Annotation
The goal of this course is to provide students with basic knowledge about software development for real-time systems, for example in control and embedded applications. The main focus is on embedded systems equipped with a real-time operating system (RTOS). Lectures will cover real-time systems theory, which can be used to formally verify timing correctness such systems. Another set of lectures will introduce methods and techniques used for development of safety-critical systems, whose failure may have catastrophic consequences. During labs, students will first solve a few simple tasks to familiarize them with basic components of VxWorks RTOS and to benchmark the used OS and hardware (Xilinx Zynq). The obtained metrics represent the typical criteria for assessing the suitability of a given platform for the given application. After the simple tasks, students will solve complex task of time-critical motion control application which will require full utilization of RTOS features. All the tasks at the labs will be implemented in C (or C++) language.
Course outlines
1. Introduction to real-time systems, requirements, properties, applications
2. VxWorks operating system (OS)
3. POSIX 1003.1b - portable real-time OS interface
4. Reference model of real-time system
5. Off-line (clock-driven) scheduling
6. Fixed priority scheduling and analysis
7. Dynamic priority scheduling and analysis
8. Shared resource management
9. Combining real-time and non-real-time task, temporal isolation
10. Development of safety critical applications, functional safety standards, safety integriti level (SIL)
11. Techniques for increasing reliability of safety-critical software (redundancy, information coding, decomposition)
12. HAZOP study, software HAZOP, example
13. Multi-core systems and real-time, overview of RTOSes
Exercises outlines
1. VxWorks IDE basics: creating applications, VxWorks simlator, documentacion, debugging
2. VxWorks API: Mutexes, semaphores
3. VxWorks API: Real-Time processes and shared memory
4. Blocking on mutex, priority inheritance
5. Cyclic executive, worst-case execution time (WCET) measurement
6. Scheduler latency measurement
7. Ethernet communication latency measurement
8. Semestral work - distributed real-time motor controller (steer-by-wire) + visualisation with an in-application web server
Literature
Buttazzo, Giorgio C, Hard Real-Time Computing Systems, Predictable Scheduling Algorithms and Applications, Springer, 2011

Burns A. and Wellings A.: Real-Time Systems and Programming Languages (Fourth Edition), Ada 2005, Real-Time Java and C/Real-Time POSIX, Addison Wesley Longmain, 2009

Redmill F., Morris Ch. et al, System Safety: HAZOP and Software HAZOP, Wiley, April 1999
Requirements
Attendee must be capable of writing basic C programs and understand principles of multithreaded programming. It is an advantage (but not requirements) to finish B0B36APO and B4B35OSY before taking this course.
Real-time Systems Programming BE4B35PSR
Credits 6
Semesters Winter
Completion Assessment + Examination
Language of teaching English
Extent of teaching 2P+2C
Annotation
The goal of this course is to provide students with basic knowledge about software development for real-time systems, for example in control and embedded applications. The main focus is on embedded systems equipped with a real-time operating system (RTOS). Lectures will cover real-time systems theory, which can be used to formally verify timing correctness such systems. Another set of lectures will introduce methods and techniques used for development of safety-critical systems, whose failure may have catastrophic consequences. During labs, students will first solve a few simple tasks to familiarize them with basic components of VxWorks RTOS and to benchmark the used OS and hardware (Xilinx Zynq). The obtained metrics represent the typical criteria for assessing the suitability of a given platform for the given application. After the simple tasks, students will solve complex task of time-critical motion control application which will require full utilization of RTOS features. All the tasks at the labs will be implemented in C (or C++) language.
Course outlines
1. Introduction to real-time systems, requirements, properties, applications
2. VxWorks operating system (OS)
3. POSIX 1003.1b - portable real-time OS interface
4. Reference model of real-time system
5. Off-line (clock-driven) scheduling
6. Fixed priority scheduling and analysis
7. Dynamic priority scheduling and analysis
8. Shared resource management
9. Combining real-time and non-real-time task, temporal isolation
10. Development of safety critical applications, functional safety standards, safety integriti level (SIL)
11. Techniques for increasing reliability of safety-critical software (redundancy, information coding, decomposition)
12. HAZOP study, software HAZOP, example
13. Multi-core systems and real-time, overview of RTOSes
Exercises outlines
1. VxWorks IDE basics: creating applications, VxWorks simlator, documentacion, debugging
2. VxWorks API: Mutexes, semaphores
3. VxWorks API: Real-Time processes and shared memory
4. Blocking on mutex, priority inheritance
5. Cyclic executive, worst-case execution time (WCET) measurement
6. Scheduler latency measurement
7. Ethernet communication latency measurement
8. Semestral work - distributed real-time motor controller (steer-by-wire) + visualisation with an in-application web server
Literature
Buttazzo, Giorgio C, Hard Real-Time Computing Systems, Predictable Scheduling Algorithms and Applications, Springer, 2011

Burns A. and Wellings A.: Real-Time Systems and Programming Languages (Fourth Edition), Ada 2005, Real-Time Java and C/Real-Time POSIX, Addison Wesley Longmain, 2009

Redmill F., Morris Ch. et al, System Safety: HAZOP and Software HAZOP, Wiley, April 1999
Requirements
Attendee must be capable of writing basic C programs and understand principles of multithreaded programming. It is an advantage (but not requirements) to finish B0B36APO and B4B35OSY before taking this course.
Real-time Systems Programming BE3M35PSR
Credits 6
Semesters Winter
Completion Assessment + Examination
Language of teaching English
Extent of teaching 2P+2C
Annotation
The goal of this course is to provide students with basic knowledge about software development for real-time systems, for example in control and embedded applications. The main focus is on embedded systems equipped with a real-time operating system (RTOS). Lectures will cover real-time systems theory, which can be used to formally verify timing correctness such systems. Another set of lectures will introduce methods and techniques used for development of safety-critical systems, whose failure may have catastrophic consequences. During labs, students will first solve a few simple tasks to familiarize them with basic components of VxWorks RTOS and to benchmark the used OS and hardware (Xilinx Zynq). The obtained metrics represent the typical criteria for assessing the suitability of a given platform for the given application. After the simple tasks, students will solve complex task of time-critical motion control application which will require full utilization of RTOS features. All the tasks at the labs will be implemented in C (or C++) language.
Course outlines
1. Introduction to real-time systems, requirements, properties, applications
2. VxWorks operating system (OS)
3. POSIX 1003.1b - portable real-time OS interface
4. Reference model of real-time system
5. Off-line (clock-driven) scheduling
6. Fixed priority scheduling and analysis
7. Dynamic priority scheduling and analysis
8. Shared resource management
9. Combining real-time and non-real-time task, temporal isolation
10. Development of safety critical applications, functional safety standards, safety integriti level (SIL)
11. Techniques for increasing reliability of safety-critical software (redundancy, information coding, decomposition)
12. HAZOP study, software HAZOP, example
13. Multi-core systems and real-time, overview of RTOSes
Exercises outlines
1. VxWorks IDE basics: creating applications, VxWorks simlator, documentacion, debugging
2. VxWorks API: Mutexes, semaphores
3. VxWorks API: Real-Time processes and shared memory
4. Blocking on mutex, priority inheritance
5. Cyclic executive, worst-case execution time (WCET) measurement
6. Scheduler latency measurement
7. Ethernet communication latency measurement
8. Semestral work - distributed real-time motor controller (steer-by-wire) + visualisation with an in-application web server
Literature
Buttazzo, Giorgio C, Hard Real-Time Computing Systems, Predictable Scheduling Algorithms and Applications, Springer, 2011


Burns A. and Wellings A.: Real-Time Systems and Programming Languages (Fourth Edition), Ada 2005, Real-Time Java and C/Real-Time POSIX, Addison Wesley Longmain, 2009

Redmill F., Morris Ch. et al, System Safety: HAZOP and Software HAZOP, Wiley, April 1999
Requirements
Attendee must be capable of writing basic C programs and understand principles of multithreaded programming. It is an advantage (but not requirements) to finish B0B36APO and B4B35OSY before taking this course.
Real-time System Programmming R35PSR
Credits 6
Semesters Winter
Completion Assessment + Examination
Language of teaching Czech
Extent of teaching 2P+2C
Annotation
http://www.fel.cvut.cz/anketa/aktualni/courses/R35PSR
\\Výsledek studentské ankety předmětu je zde: http://www.fel.cvut.cz/anketa/aktualni/courses/R35PSR
Literature
No data.