Philosophy 1

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Philosophy B0B16FIL
Credits 2
Semesters Both
Completion Exam
Language of teaching Czech
Extent of teaching 2P+0S
Annotation
We deal with the most important persons, schools and ideas of ancient philosophy. We are concerned especially on transdisciplinary nature of philosophy and connection of old philosophical thoughts with recent problems of science, technology, economics and politics.
Course outlines
1. Mythical, philosophical and scientific accounts, branches of philosophy
2. The oldest philosophers - Milesian school and reductionism
3. Pythagoreans, cosmos, mathematics, music
4. Heraclitus and his world view
5. Eleatic school, problem with vacuum, Zeno paradoxes
6. Empedocles and Anaxagoras, Atomists, ancient and modern concept of atom
7. Order of necessity, and paradoxes of determinism and their solution
8. Sophists, impact of their teaching, Socrates, his live and teaching
9. Small Socratic schools
10. Plato and Platonism
11. Aristotle and his work
12. Epicurus and Epicureans
13. Stoics, morality, physics, Pyrrhonism (ancient and modern scepticism)
14. Neo-Platonism and Christian philosophy (Augustine, Boethius)
Literature
Zamarovský P., The Historical Roots of Philosophy, nakl. ČVUT Praha 2007
Philosophy 1 (Main course) B0B16FI1
Credits 4
Semesters Winter
Completion Graded Assessment
Language of teaching Czech
Extent of teaching 2P+2S
Annotation
We deal with the most important persons, schools and ideas of ancient philosophy. We are concerned especially on transdisciplinary nature of philosophy and connection of old philosophical thoughts with recent problems of science, technology, economics and politics.
Course outlines
1.Philosophy and thinking. Mythical, philosophical and scientific accounts. The first philosophers.
2.Thales and the Milesian school. Seeking for the basic principle, reductionism, hylozoism, the conception of soul.
3.Pythagoras and his school, present-day residues of Pythagoreism (numerology, reincarnation .)
4.Heraclitus, dynamical approach. Comparison to the Eastern philosophy.
5.The school of Eleya, problems with methodology of cognition (the conception of free space).
6.Anaxagoras, Empedocles. The concept of matter.
7.Atomism, its origin and consequences. The absolute determinism and freedom, problems of materialism.
8.The crisis of knowledge, the Sophists. Is man the measure of everything? Relation to postmodernism.
9.The life and death of Socrates. Socrates and the Sophists, method of dialogues, Socrates' moral paradox.
10.The imperfect Socratic schools, Megarians, the paradox of the liar.
11.Plato, his life and philosophy. The realm of forms (ideas). The allegory of the cave; ideal state or totality?
12.Aristotle and the peak of classical philosophy, logic, physics. Aristotelism and Scholastics.
13.Hellenistic philosophy, Epicureism and Stoicism. Pyrrhonism (scepticism). Philosophy in Alexandria (Eucleides and mathematics).
14.Christianity and philosophy. Aurelius Augustinu, Boethius.
Exercises outlines
1.The concept of philosophy. Examples of myths.
2.Seeking for the basic principle, reductionism, hylozoism, the conception of soul.
3.Present-day residues of Pythagoreism (numerology, reincarnation .)
4.Heraclitus, examples of interpretation.
5.The school of Eleya, problems with methodology of cognition (the conception of free space).
6.The concept of matter in ancient times and today.
7.The importance of atomism in natural science. Problem of determinism.
8.The crisis of knowledge, the Sophists. Is man the measure of everything? Examples.
9.The importance of method of dialogues.
10.The paradox of the liar, and its modern versions, Grelich paradox, Russell paradox.
11.The realm of forms (ideas) and present-day science today. The meaning of the allegory of the cave.
12.Aristotle logic and physics.
13.Interesting moments of Epicureism and Stoicism. Euclides Stocheia today.
14.Pyrrhonism (scepticism), modern scepticism.
Literature
1.Zamarovský, P. The Historical Roots of Philosophy, ČVUT, Praha 2007
2.Stumpf, E. S., Socrates to Sartre, McGraw-Hill, New York 1993
Requirements
Posluchači absolvují během semestru tři testy a vypracují prezentaci na dohodnuté téma.
Philosophy 1 BE0B16FI1
Credits 4
Semesters Both
Completion Graded Assessment
Language of teaching English
Extent of teaching 2P+2S
Annotation
We deal with the most important persons, schools and ideas of ancient philosophy. We are concerned especially on transdisciplinary nature of philosophy and connection of old philosophical thoughts with recent problems of science, technology, economics and politics.
Course outlines
1.Philosophy and thinking. Mythical, philosophical and scientific accounts. The first philosophers.
2.Thales and the Milesian school. Seeking for the basic principle, reductionism, hylozoism, the conception of soul.
3.Pythagoras and his school, present-day residues of Pythagoreism (numerology, reincarnation .)
4.Heraclitus, dynamical approach. Comparison to the Eastern philosophy.
5.The school of Eleya, problems with methodology of cognition (the conception of free space).
6.Anaxagoras, Empedocles. The concept of matter.
7.Atomism, its origin and consequences. The absolute determinism and freedom, problems of materialism.
8.The crisis of knowledge, the Sophists. Is man the measure of everything? Relation to postmodernism.
9.The life and death of Socrates. Socrates and the Sophists, method of dialogues, Socrates' moral paradox.
10.The imperfect Socratic schools, Megarians, the paradox of the liar.
11.Plato, his life and philosophy. The realm of forms (ideas). The allegory of the cave; ideal state or totality?
12.Aristotle and the peak of classical philosophy, logic, physics. Aristotelism and Scholastics.
13.Hellenistic philosophy, Epicureism and Stoicism. Pyrrhonism (scepticism). Philosophy in Alexandria (Eucleides and mathematics).
14.Christianity and philosophy. Aurelius Augustinu, Boethius.
Exercises outlines
1.The concept of philosophy. Examples of myths.
2.Seeking for the basic principle, reductionism, hylozoism, the conception of soul.
3.Present-day residues of Pythagoreism (numerology, reincarnation .)
4.Heraclitus, examples of interpretation.
5.The school of Eleya, problems with methodology of cognition (the conception of free space).
6.The concept of matter in ancient times and today.
7.The importance of atomism in natural science. Problem of determinism.
8.The crisis of knowledge, the Sophists. Is man the measure of everything? Examples.
9.The importance of method of dialogues.
10.The paradox of the liar, and its modern versions, Grelich paradox, Russell paradox.
11.The realm of forms (ideas) and present-day science today. The meaning of the allegory of the cave.
12.Aristotle logic and physics.
13.Interesting moments of Epicureism and Stoicism. Euclides Stocheia today.
14.Pyrrhonism (scepticism), modern scepticism.
Literature
1.Zamarovský, P. The Historical Roots of Philosophy, ČVUT, Praha 2007
2.Stumpf, E. S., Socrates to Sartre, McGraw-Hill, New York 1993
Requirements
Posluchači absolvují během semestru tři testy a vypracují prezentaci na dohodnuté téma.