Selected Parts of Instrumentation - XP38VKP

Credits 4
Semesters Both
Completion Exam
Language of teaching Czech
Extent of teaching 2P+2L
The course is dedicated to principle, properties and applications of selected special measuring instruments. It deals mainly with calibrators and other sources of calibration signals, devices for measurement of extremely low voltage and current signals, lock-in amplifiers, power analyzers and electronic loads, devices used for EMC measurements, real-time spectrum analyzers, metallic and optical reflectometers and radio testers (Bluetooth, NMT, GSM, UMTS). A special part is devoted to sampling measurement methods and virtual instrumentation.

Study targets
To explain and discuss principle, properties and applications of selected special measurement instruments
Course outlines
- Introduction, overview, trends
- Measuring signal sources - AC/DC voltage and current calibrators
- Measuring signal sources - Low distortion generators, frequency synthesizers
- Digitizing scopes – advanced modes
- Precision digital multimeters with high resolution
- Instruments for extremely low current and voltage measurement
- Lock-in amplifiers
- Power analyzers and electronic loads
- Special instruments for multichannel data acquisition (dataloggers)
- Spectrum analyzers and measuring receivers. DSP of the intermediate frequency signal
- Vector signal analyzers, real-time spectrum analyzers
- HF power meters, metallic and optical reflectometers. Principle, parameters
- Magneto-optical microscopy, Kerr microscope
- Virtual instrumentation - advantages and limitations
Exercises outlines
- Introduction, organization. Measurement “safe for both sides” rules
- Measurement of parameters of low-frequency generators
- Properties of frequency synthesizers
- Digitizing scope I - application of advanced triggering modes
- Digitizing scope II - application of advanced DSP modes
- Nanovoltmeter
- Lock-in amplifier - application of individual measuring modes
- Power analyzers - non-standard applications
- Datalogger - a measurement of crosstalk, dynamical properties
- Spectrum analyzer application for (non-)stationary HF signal parameter measurements
- Measuring radio receiver – detector linearity, mirror- and intermodulation products immunity
- Detection and power measurement of spread spectrum signals using a power meter and vector analyzer
- Magneto-optical Kerr microscope
- Excursion
1. Morris, A.S., Langari, R.: Measurement and Instrumentation, Theory and Application, 2nd ed, Elsevier 2015, ISBN 978-0-12800-884-3
2. Bolton, W.: Instrumentation and Control Systems, 2nd ed, Elsevier 2015, ISBN 978-0-08100-613-9
3. Bucci, D.: Analog Electronics for Measuring Systems, Wiley 2017, ISBN: 978-1-78630-148-2
1. Witte, R.A.: Electronic Test Instruments: Analog and Digital Measurements, 2nd ed, Prentice Hall 2011, ISBN: 978-8177587487
2. Fazel, K., Kaiser, S.: Multi-Carrier and Spread Spectrum Systems & Related Topics, Wiley 2012, ISBN: 978-1461370109
DSP and electronics basics,