CTU FEE Moodle
Radio Navigation
B241 - Winter 24/25
This is a grouped Moodle course. It consists of several separate courses that share learning materials, assignments, tests etc. Below you can see information about the individual courses that make up this Moodle course.
Radio Navigation - BE2M37RNV
Main course
Credits | 5 |
Semesters | Winter |
Completion | Assessment + Examination |
Language of teaching | English |
Extent of teaching | 2P+2C |
Annotation
The course introduces students to the terrestrial and satellite radio navigation and radar systems. Students get knowledge of the radio navigation systems, and of the structure of navigation and radar signals and methods of their processing. They become familiar with coordinate systems, fundamentals of celestial mechanics, and methods of position estimation. Students get knowledge of practical applications and the integration of navigation systems.
Study targets
Presenting the radio navigation, radar systems and their applications.
Course outlines
1. Fundaments of operation of the radio navigation and radio localization systems, distance and angle measurement, time of arrival of the signal. Triangulation, multilateration, ranging method, radio communication and radar equation.
2. Description of the point position, coordinate systems (ECEF, Geometrical, Cartesian, local, ECI) and mutual transformations.
3. Navigation satellite position calculation, equation of the satellite trajectory and its solution, Kepler parameters.
4. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time methods, position errors, Kalman filter.
5. Satellite navigation signals, requirements to the signals, BPSK and BOC modulations, ranging code, spectra and correlation function.
6. Navigation signal propagation, ionosphere refraction, and its modelling, dual frequency measurement, troposphere delay, multipath propagation and its modelling.
7. Navigation signal processing - part I.: Signal parameters estimation, signal tracking, correlator, phase, frequency, and delay discriminators, loop filter. Tracking errors caused by the thermal noise and multipath propagation, navigation message demodulation.
8. Navigation signal processing - part II.: Signal acquisition, serial methods, Tong and M of N algorithms, parallel method in code delay and in frequency, 2D methods. Implementation of the search methods.
9. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
10. Advanced algorithms of the signal processing and position determination, high sensitivity, vector tracking, carrier phase methods and RTK.
11. Overview of the terrestrial radio navigation systems, hyperbolic systems, aviation navigation systems (DME, ILS)
12. Radar classification (primary, secondary, and passive), radar signal processing, Doppler filtration.
13. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS.
14. Passive radiolocation, directional finders, TDoA systems.
2. Description of the point position, coordinate systems (ECEF, Geometrical, Cartesian, local, ECI) and mutual transformations.
3. Navigation satellite position calculation, equation of the satellite trajectory and its solution, Kepler parameters.
4. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time methods, position errors, Kalman filter.
5. Satellite navigation signals, requirements to the signals, BPSK and BOC modulations, ranging code, spectra and correlation function.
6. Navigation signal propagation, ionosphere refraction, and its modelling, dual frequency measurement, troposphere delay, multipath propagation and its modelling.
7. Navigation signal processing - part I.: Signal parameters estimation, signal tracking, correlator, phase, frequency, and delay discriminators, loop filter. Tracking errors caused by the thermal noise and multipath propagation, navigation message demodulation.
8. Navigation signal processing - part II.: Signal acquisition, serial methods, Tong and M of N algorithms, parallel method in code delay and in frequency, 2D methods. Implementation of the search methods.
9. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
10. Advanced algorithms of the signal processing and position determination, high sensitivity, vector tracking, carrier phase methods and RTK.
11. Overview of the terrestrial radio navigation systems, hyperbolic systems, aviation navigation systems (DME, ILS)
12. Radar classification (primary, secondary, and passive), radar signal processing, Doppler filtration.
13. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS.
14. Passive radiolocation, directional finders, TDoA systems.
Exercises outlines
The seminars will be focused on the familiarization of the signal processing methods and position determination methods. The student will adopt the methods of the satellite navigation system testing. In the frame of laboratory measurement student will familiarize of the basic and advanced methods of the satellite navigation receiver testing.
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Coordinate transformation, problem in Matlab
4. Calculation of the satellite position, problem in Matlab
5. User position determination, problem in Matlab
6. GNSS simulators
7. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
8. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
9. Laboratory measurement of the dynamic behavior of the satellite navigation receiver
10. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement
14. Reserve
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Coordinate transformation, problem in Matlab
4. Calculation of the satellite position, problem in Matlab
5. User position determination, problem in Matlab
6. GNSS simulators
7. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
8. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
9. Laboratory measurement of the dynamic behavior of the satellite navigation receiver
10. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement
14. Reserve
Literature
Misra, P.; Enge, P.: Global Positioning System. Ganga Jamuna Press, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 2006, ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8.
Petrovski, I; Tsujii, T.: Digital Satellite Navigation and Geophysics: A Practical Guide with GNSS Signal Simulator and Receiver Laboratory. Cambridge University Press, 2012, ISBN-13: 978-0521760546.
Petrovski, I; Tsujii, T.: Digital Satellite Navigation and Geophysics: A Practical Guide with GNSS Signal Simulator and Receiver Laboratory. Cambridge University Press, 2012, ISBN-13: 978-0521760546.
Requirements
Bases of mathematical analyses, algebra, statistic, mechanics, theory of relativity, and signal processing.
Aeronautical Radio Systems - BE3M37LRS
Credits | 6 |
Semesters | Winter |
Completion | Assessment + Examination |
Language of teaching | English |
Extent of teaching | 2P+2L |
Annotation
The course introduces students to the aeronautical radio engineering, aeronautical analogue, digital and satellite communication systems, aeronautical radio navigation including satellites navigation, primary secondary and passive radiolocation. The course gets students theoretical and practical knowledge of the operation of the aeronautical radio systems and their integration to the aircraft systems.
Study targets
Presenting of the aeronautical radio systems.
Course outlines
1. Frequency spectra, radio wave propagation, antennas, radio communication and radar equation, aeronautical civil radio communication service.
2. Shannon model of the communication systems, digital and analogue modulations, source and channel coding, multiple access.
3. Aeronautical radio receivers and transmitters, requirements, architecture, radio function blocks.
4. Aeronautical analogue and digital communication systems, radio digital links, HFDL, VDL, SATCOM.
5. Fundaments of radio navigation, AoA, ToA, TDoA, SS, triangulation, multilateration.
6. Aeronautical terrestrial navigation system, DME, ILS, VOR, radio altimeter.
7. Satellite position determination, equations of the satellite trajectory and their solution, Kepler parameters.
8. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time positioning methods, measurement errors.
9. Satellite navigation signals, BPSK and BOC modulation, ranging codes, spectra and correlation function, ionosphere refraction, dual frequency measurement.
10. Processing of the satellite navigation signals, correlator, measurement errors, and acquisition, serial and parallel methods.
11. Requirements on precision, integrity, continuity and availability of the aeronautical navigation systems, differential measurement, high sensitivity, RTK.
12. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
13. Radar types (primary, secondary, passive), processing of radar signals, Doppler filtration.
14. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS, passive radio location, directional finders.
2. Shannon model of the communication systems, digital and analogue modulations, source and channel coding, multiple access.
3. Aeronautical radio receivers and transmitters, requirements, architecture, radio function blocks.
4. Aeronautical analogue and digital communication systems, radio digital links, HFDL, VDL, SATCOM.
5. Fundaments of radio navigation, AoA, ToA, TDoA, SS, triangulation, multilateration.
6. Aeronautical terrestrial navigation system, DME, ILS, VOR, radio altimeter.
7. Satellite position determination, equations of the satellite trajectory and their solution, Kepler parameters.
8. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time positioning methods, measurement errors.
9. Satellite navigation signals, BPSK and BOC modulation, ranging codes, spectra and correlation function, ionosphere refraction, dual frequency measurement.
10. Processing of the satellite navigation signals, correlator, measurement errors, and acquisition, serial and parallel methods.
11. Requirements on precision, integrity, continuity and availability of the aeronautical navigation systems, differential measurement, high sensitivity, RTK.
12. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
13. Radar types (primary, secondary, passive), processing of radar signals, Doppler filtration.
14. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS, passive radio location, directional finders.
Exercises outlines
The laboratory measurements will be focused on measurement of the basic radio function blocks and aeronautical transceivers, measurement of the navigation signals and receivers, especially satellites. The next part of the school term will be dealt with the algorithms of position determination in satellite navigation systems and their integration with the inertial sensors. Students will solve individual projects and present their results in small groups.
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Laboratory measurement of the RF amplifier
4. Laboratory measurement of the frequency mixer
5. Laboratory measurement of the receiver of the aeronautical transceiver
6. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
7. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
8. Assign of the individual project
9. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
10. Consultancy of the individual project
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement, presentation of the results
14. Reserve
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Laboratory measurement of the RF amplifier
4. Laboratory measurement of the frequency mixer
5. Laboratory measurement of the receiver of the aeronautical transceiver
6. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
7. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
8. Assign of the individual project
9. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
10. Consultancy of the individual project
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement, presentation of the results
14. Reserve
Literature
Misra, P.; Enge, P.: Global Positioning System. Ganga Jamuna Press, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 2006,
ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8,
Forssell, B.: Radionavigation systems. Artech, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-59693-354-5
ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8,
Forssell, B.: Radionavigation systems. Artech, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-59693-354-5
Requirements
Mathematics, theory of signals and systems, analog and digital circuits and basic blocks (bachelor level)
Aeronautical radio systems - B3M37LRS
Credits | 6 |
Semesters | Winter |
Completion | Assessment + Examination |
Language of teaching | Czech |
Extent of teaching | 2P+2L |
Annotation
The course introduces students to the aeronautical radio engineering, aeronautical analogue, digital and satellite communication systems, aeronautical radio navigation including satellites navigation, primary secondary and passive radiolocation. The course gets students theoretical and practical knowledge of the operation of the aeronautical radio systems and their integration to the aircraft systems.
Study targets
Presenting of the aeronautical radio systems.
Course outlines
1. Frequency spectra, radio wave propagation, antennas, radio communication and radar equation, aeronautical civil radio communication service.
2. Shannon model of the communication systems, digital and analogue modulations, source and channel coding, multiple access.
3. Aeronautical radio receivers and transmitters, requirements, architecture, radio function blocks.
4. Aeronautical analogue and digital communication systems, radio digital links, HFDL, VDL, SATCOM.
5. Fundaments of radio navigation, AoA, ToA, TDoA, SS, triangulation, multilateration.
6. Aeronautical terrestrial navigation system, DME, ILS, VOR, radio altimeter.
7. Satellite position determination, equations of the satellite trajectory and their solution, Kepler parameters.
8. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time positioning methods, measurement errors.
9. Satellite navigation signals, BPSK and BOC modulation, ranging codes, spectra and correlation function, ionosphere refraction, dual frequency measurement.
10. Processing of the satellite navigation signals, correlator, measurement errors, and acquisition, serial and parallel methods.
11. Requirements on precision, integrity, continuity and availability of the aeronautical navigation systems, differential measurement, high sensitivity, RTK.
12. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
13. Radar types (primary, secondary, passive), processing of radar signals, Doppler filtration.
14. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS, passive radio location, directional finders.
2. Shannon model of the communication systems, digital and analogue modulations, source and channel coding, multiple access.
3. Aeronautical radio receivers and transmitters, requirements, architecture, radio function blocks.
4. Aeronautical analogue and digital communication systems, radio digital links, HFDL, VDL, SATCOM.
5. Fundaments of radio navigation, AoA, ToA, TDoA, SS, triangulation, multilateration.
6. Aeronautical terrestrial navigation system, DME, ILS, VOR, radio altimeter.
7. Satellite position determination, equations of the satellite trajectory and their solution, Kepler parameters.
8. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time positioning methods, measurement errors.
9. Satellite navigation signals, BPSK and BOC modulation, ranging codes, spectra and correlation function, ionosphere refraction, dual frequency measurement.
10. Processing of the satellite navigation signals, correlator, measurement errors, and acquisition, serial and parallel methods.
11. Requirements on precision, integrity, continuity and availability of the aeronautical navigation systems, differential measurement, high sensitivity, RTK.
12. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
13. Radar types (primary, secondary, passive), processing of radar signals, Doppler filtration.
14. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS, passive radio location, directional finders.
Exercises outlines
The laboratory measurements will be focused on measurement of the basic radio function blocks and aeronautical transceivers, measurement of the navigation signals and receivers, especially satellites. The next part of the school term will be dealt with the algorithms of position determination in satellite navigation systems and their integration with the inertial sensors. Students will solve individual projects and present their results in small groups.
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Laboratory measurement of the RF amplifier
4. Laboratory measurement of the frequency mixer
5. Laboratory measurement of the receiver of the aeronautical transceiver
6. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
7. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
8. Assign of the individual project
9. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
10. Consultancy of the individual project
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement, presentation of the results
14. Reserve
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Laboratory measurement of the RF amplifier
4. Laboratory measurement of the frequency mixer
5. Laboratory measurement of the receiver of the aeronautical transceiver
6. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
7. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
8. Assign of the individual project
9. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
10. Consultancy of the individual project
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement, presentation of the results
14. Reserve
Literature
Misra, P.; Enge, P.: Global Positioning System. Ganga Jamuna Press, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 2006,
ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8,
Forssell, B.: Radionavigation systems. Artech, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-59693-354-5
Kovář, P.: Družicová navigace, Od teorie k aplikacím v softwarovém přijímači, ČVUT 2016, ISBN 978-80-01-05989-0
ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8,
Forssell, B.: Radionavigation systems. Artech, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-59693-354-5
Kovář, P.: Družicová navigace, Od teorie k aplikacím v softwarovém přijímači, ČVUT 2016, ISBN 978-80-01-05989-0
Requirements
Mathematics, theory of signals and systems, analog and digital circuits and basic blocks (bachelor level)
Aeronautical Radio Systems - B9M37LRS
Credits | 6 |
Semesters | Winter |
Completion | Assessment + Examination |
Language of teaching | Czech |
Extent of teaching | 2P+2L |
Annotation
The course introduces students to the aeronautical radio engineering, aeronautical analogue, digital and satellite communication systems, aeronautical radio navigation including satellites navigation, primary secondary and passive radiolocation. The course gets students theoretical and practical knowledge of the operation of the aeronautical radio systems and their integration to the aircraft systems.
Study targets
Presenting of the aeronautical radio systems.
Course outlines
1. Frequency spectra, radio wave propagation, antennas, radio communication and radar equation, aeronautical civil radio communication service.
2. Shannon model of the communication systems, digital and analogue modulations, source and channel coding, multiple access.
3. Aeronautical radio receivers and transmitters, requirements, architecture, radio function blocks.
4. Aeronautical analogue and digital communication systems, radio digital links, HFDL, VDL, SATCOM.
5. Fundaments of radio navigation, AoA, ToA, TDoA, SS, triangulation, multilateration.
6. Aeronautical terrestrial navigation system, DME, ILS, VOR, radio altimeter.
7. Satellite position determination, equations of the satellite trajectory and their solution, Kepler parameters.
8. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time positioning methods, measurement errors.
9. Satellite navigation signals, BPSK and BOC modulation, ranging codes, spectra and correlation function, ionosphere refraction, dual frequency measurement.
10. Processing of the satellite navigation signals, correlator, measurement errors, and acquisition, serial and parallel methods.
11. Requirements on precision, integrity, continuity and availability of the aeronautical navigation systems, differential measurement, high sensitivity, RTK.
12. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
13. Radar types (primary, secondary, passive), processing of radar signals, Doppler filtration.
14. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS, passive radio location, directional finders.
2. Shannon model of the communication systems, digital and analogue modulations, source and channel coding, multiple access.
3. Aeronautical radio receivers and transmitters, requirements, architecture, radio function blocks.
4. Aeronautical analogue and digital communication systems, radio digital links, HFDL, VDL, SATCOM.
5. Fundaments of radio navigation, AoA, ToA, TDoA, SS, triangulation, multilateration.
6. Aeronautical terrestrial navigation system, DME, ILS, VOR, radio altimeter.
7. Satellite position determination, equations of the satellite trajectory and their solution, Kepler parameters.
8. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time positioning methods, measurement errors.
9. Satellite navigation signals, BPSK and BOC modulation, ranging codes, spectra and correlation function, ionosphere refraction, dual frequency measurement.
10. Processing of the satellite navigation signals, correlator, measurement errors, and acquisition, serial and parallel methods.
11. Requirements on precision, integrity, continuity and availability of the aeronautical navigation systems, differential measurement, high sensitivity, RTK.
12. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
13. Radar types (primary, secondary, passive), processing of radar signals, Doppler filtration.
14. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS, passive radio location, directional finders.
Exercises outlines
The laboratory measurements will be focused on measurement of the basic radio function blocks and aeronautical transceivers, measurement of the navigation signals and receivers, especially satellites. The next part of the school term will be dealt with the algorithms of position determination in satellite navigation systems and their integration with the inertial sensors. Students will solve individual projects and present their results in small groups.
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Laboratory measurement of the RF amplifier
4. Laboratory measurement of the frequency mixer
5. Laboratory measurement of the receiver of the aeronautical transceiver
6. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
7. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
8. Assign of the individual project
9. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
10. Consultancy of the individual project
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement, presentation of the results
14. Reserve
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Laboratory measurement of the RF amplifier
4. Laboratory measurement of the frequency mixer
5. Laboratory measurement of the receiver of the aeronautical transceiver
6. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
7. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
8. Assign of the individual project
9. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
10. Consultancy of the individual project
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement, presentation of the results
14. Reserve
Literature
Kovář, P.: Družicová navigace, Od teorie k aplikacím v softwarovém rádiu. ČVUT 2016. ISBN 978-80-01-05989-0
Misra, P.; Enge, P.: Global Positioning System. Ganga Jamuna Press, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 2006,
ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8,
Forssell, B.: Radionavigation systems. Artech, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-59693-354-5
Misra, P.; Enge, P.: Global Positioning System. Ganga Jamuna Press, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 2006,
ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8,
Forssell, B.: Radionavigation systems. Artech, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-59693-354-5
Requirements
Mathematics, theory of signals and systems, analog and digital circuits and basic blocks (bachelor level)
Radio Systems - A8M37RSY
Credits | 5 |
Semesters | Winter |
Completion | Assessment + Examination |
Language of teaching | Czech |
Extent of teaching | 4P+0L |
Annotation
No data.
Study targets
No data.
Course outlines
No data.
Exercises outlines
No data.
Literature
No data.
Requirements
No data.
Aeronautical Radio Systems - BE9M37LRS
Credits | 6 |
Semesters | Winter |
Completion | Assessment + Examination |
Language of teaching | English |
Extent of teaching | 2P+2L |
Annotation
The course introduces students to the aeronautical radio engineering, aeronautical analogue, digital and satellite communication systems, aeronautical radio navigation including satellites navigation, primary secondary and passive radiolocation. The course gets students theoretical and practical knowledge of the operation of the aeronautical radio systems and their integration to the aircraft systems.
Study targets
Presenting of the aeronautical radio systems.
Course outlines
1. Frequency spectra, radio wave propagation, antennas, radio communication and radar equation, aeronautical civil radio communication service.
2. Shannon model of the communication systems, digital and analogue modulations, source and channel coding, multiple access.
3. Aeronautical radio receivers and transmitters, requirements, architecture, radio function blocks.
4. Aeronautical analogue and digital communication systems, radio digital links, HFDL, VDL, SATCOM.
5. Fundaments of radio navigation, AoA, ToA, TDoA, SS, triangulation, multilateration.
6. Aeronautical terrestrial navigation system, DME, ILS, VOR, radio altimeter.
7. Satellite position determination, equations of the satellite trajectory and their solution, Kepler parameters.
8. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time positioning methods, measurement errors.
9. Satellite navigation signals, BPSK and BOC modulation, ranging codes, spectra and correlation function, ionosphere refraction, dual frequency measurement.
10. Processing of the satellite navigation signals, correlator, measurement errors, and acquisition, serial and parallel methods.
11. Requirements on precision, integrity, continuity and availability of the aeronautical navigation systems, differential measurement, high sensitivity, RTK.
12. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
13. Radar types (primary, secondary, passive), processing of radar signals, Doppler filtration.
14. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS, passive radio location, directional finders.
2. Shannon model of the communication systems, digital and analogue modulations, source and channel coding, multiple access.
3. Aeronautical radio receivers and transmitters, requirements, architecture, radio function blocks.
4. Aeronautical analogue and digital communication systems, radio digital links, HFDL, VDL, SATCOM.
5. Fundaments of radio navigation, AoA, ToA, TDoA, SS, triangulation, multilateration.
6. Aeronautical terrestrial navigation system, DME, ILS, VOR, radio altimeter.
7. Satellite position determination, equations of the satellite trajectory and their solution, Kepler parameters.
8. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time positioning methods, measurement errors.
9. Satellite navigation signals, BPSK and BOC modulation, ranging codes, spectra and correlation function, ionosphere refraction, dual frequency measurement.
10. Processing of the satellite navigation signals, correlator, measurement errors, and acquisition, serial and parallel methods.
11. Requirements on precision, integrity, continuity and availability of the aeronautical navigation systems, differential measurement, high sensitivity, RTK.
12. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
13. Radar types (primary, secondary, passive), processing of radar signals, Doppler filtration.
14. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS, passive radio location, directional finders.
Exercises outlines
The laboratory measurements will be focused on measurement of the basic radio function blocks and aeronautical transceivers, measurement of the navigation signals and receivers, especially satellites. The next part of the school term will be dealt with the algorithms of position determination in satellite navigation systems and their integration with the inertial sensors. Students will solve individual projects and present their results in small groups.
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Laboratory measurement of the RF amplifier
4. Laboratory measurement of the frequency mixer
5. Laboratory measurement of the receiver of the aeronautical transceiver
6. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
7. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
8. Assign of the individual project
9. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
10. Consultancy of the individual project
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement, presentation of the results
14. Reserve
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Laboratory measurement of the RF amplifier
4. Laboratory measurement of the frequency mixer
5. Laboratory measurement of the receiver of the aeronautical transceiver
6. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
7. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
8. Assign of the individual project
9. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
10. Consultancy of the individual project
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement, presentation of the results
14. Reserve
Literature
Misra, P.; Enge, P.: Global Positioning System. Ganga Jamuna Press, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 2006,
ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8,
Forssell, B.: Radionavigation systems. Artech, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-59693-354-5
ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8,
Forssell, B.: Radionavigation systems. Artech, 2008, ISBN: 978-1-59693-354-5
Requirements
Mathematics, theory of signals and systems, analog and digital circuits and basic blocks (bachelor level)
Radio Navigation - BE2M37RNVA
Credits | 6 |
Semesters | Winter |
Completion | Assessment + Examination |
Language of teaching | English |
Extent of teaching | 2P+2L |
Annotation
The course introduces students to the terrestrial and satellite radio navigation and radar systems. Students get knowledge of the radio navigation systems, and of the structure of navigation and radar signals and methods of their processing. They become familiar with coordinate systems, fundamentals of celestial mechanics, and methods of position estimation. Students get knowledge of practical applications and the integration of navigation systems.
Study targets
Presenting the radio navigation, radar systems and their applications.
Course outlines
1. Fundaments of operation of the radio navigation and radio localization systems, distance and angle measurement, time of arrival of the signal. Triangulation, multilateration, ranging method, radio communication and radar equation.
2. Description of the point position, coordinate systems (ECEF, Geometrical, Cartesian, local, ECI) and mutual transformations.
3. Navigation satellite position calculation, equation of the satellite trajectory and its solution, Kepler parameters.
4. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time methods, position errors, Kalman filter.
5. Satellite navigation signals, requirements to the signals, BPSK and BOC modulations, ranging code, spectra and correlation function.
6. Navigation signal propagation, ionosphere refraction, and its modelling, dual frequency measurement, troposphere delay, multipath propagation and its modelling.
7. Navigation signal processing - part I.: Signal parameters estimation, signal tracking, correlator, phase, frequency, and delay discriminators, loop filter. Tracking errors caused by the thermal noise and multipath propagation, navigation message demodulation.
8. Navigation signal processing - part II.: Signal acquisition, serial methods, Tong and M of N algorithms, parallel method in code delay and in frequency, 2D methods. Implementation of the search methods.
9. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
10. Advanced algorithms of the signal processing and position determination, high sensitivity, vector tracking, carrier phase methods and RTK.
11. Overview of the terrestrial radio navigation systems, hyperbolic systems, aviation navigation systems (DME, ILS)
12. Radar classification (primary, secondary, and passive), radar signal processing, Doppler filtration.
13. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS.
14. Passive radiolocation, directional finders, TDoA systems.
2. Description of the point position, coordinate systems (ECEF, Geometrical, Cartesian, local, ECI) and mutual transformations.
3. Navigation satellite position calculation, equation of the satellite trajectory and its solution, Kepler parameters.
4. User position determination, time base, relativistic effects, one-time methods, position errors, Kalman filter.
5. Satellite navigation signals, requirements to the signals, BPSK and BOC modulations, ranging code, spectra and correlation function.
6. Navigation signal propagation, ionosphere refraction, and its modelling, dual frequency measurement, troposphere delay, multipath propagation and its modelling.
7. Navigation signal processing - part I.: Signal parameters estimation, signal tracking, correlator, phase, frequency, and delay discriminators, loop filter. Tracking errors caused by the thermal noise and multipath propagation, navigation message demodulation.
8. Navigation signal processing - part II.: Signal acquisition, serial methods, Tong and M of N algorithms, parallel method in code delay and in frequency, 2D methods. Implementation of the search methods.
9. Overview of the satellite navigation systems, GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Compass, augmentation systems WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN.
10. Advanced algorithms of the signal processing and position determination, high sensitivity, vector tracking, carrier phase methods and RTK.
11. Overview of the terrestrial radio navigation systems, hyperbolic systems, aviation navigation systems (DME, ILS)
12. Radar classification (primary, secondary, and passive), radar signal processing, Doppler filtration.
13. Secondary surveillance radar, mode A, C, and S, squitter, extended squitter, ADS-B, TCAS.
14. Passive radiolocation, directional finders, TDoA systems.
Exercises outlines
The seminars will be focused on the familiarization of the signal processing methods and position determination methods. The student will adopt the methods of the satellite navigation system testing. In the frame of laboratory measurement student will familiarize of the basic and advanced methods of the satellite navigation receiver testing.
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Coordinate transformation, problem in Matlab
4. Calculation of the satellite position, problem in Matlab
5. User position determination, problem in Matlab
6. GNSS simulators
7. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
8. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
9. Laboratory measurement of the dynamic behavior of the satellite navigation receiver
10. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement
14. Reserve
1. Laboratory exploration, safety rules
2. Radio communication and radar equation, exercise
3. Coordinate transformation, problem in Matlab
4. Calculation of the satellite position, problem in Matlab
5. User position determination, problem in Matlab
6. GNSS simulators
7. Laboratory measurement of the spectra of the GNSS signals
8. Laboratory measurement of the GNSS receiver start time, sensitivity and position determination error
9. Laboratory measurement of the dynamic behavior of the satellite navigation receiver
10. Generation of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
11. Processing of the VOR and ILS signals in GNU radio
12. Processing of the squitter and extended squitter in GNU radio
13. Supplementary measurement
14. Reserve
Literature
Misra, P.; Enge, P.: Global Positioning System. Ganga Jamuna Press, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 2006, ISBN: 978-0-97095-442-8.
Petrovski, I; Tsujii, T.: Digital Satellite Navigation and Geophysics: A Practical Guide with GNSS Signal Simulator and Receiver Laboratory. Cambridge University Press, 2012, ISBN-13: 978-0521760546.
Petrovski, I; Tsujii, T.: Digital Satellite Navigation and Geophysics: A Practical Guide with GNSS Signal Simulator and Receiver Laboratory. Cambridge University Press, 2012, ISBN-13: 978-0521760546.
Requirements
Bases of mathematical analyses, algebra, statistic, mechanics, theory of relativity, and signal processing.